Antifungal or antifungal drugs such as nystatin are aimed at controlling infections caused by fungi , reducing their growth or propagation and acting with mechanisms of different natures that also influence different pathogens.
In the following article we will talk in detail about nystatin, its main uses as a treatment , possible side effects and contraindications.
What is nystatin?
Nystatin is an antifungal medication, oriented for the treatment of infections in the area of the mouth, stomach and intestines . It is obtained from Streptomyces noursei, allowing broad-spectrum fungicidal properties in yeasts and related fungi.
It is administered orally, so it has presentations of tablets and oral suspension . The recommended dose ranges from 5 to 10 ml every six hours in adult patients and in the case of children from 2.5 to 7.5 ml.
Note: Due to its mechanism of action and nature, it is a medication that requires a prescription for its acquisition.
What is nystatin indicated for?
Nystatin is a fungicide oriented for the treatment of the mucous areas of the digestive system , such as the mouth, intestine and stomach. We mention below the main medical treatments that are carried out with this medicine:
1. Oral infections
Oral infections of a fungal nature proliferate very easily due to the characteristics of the environment where they develop. They tend to accumulate in the lining and present symptoms such as lesions, redness, burning and itching.
To highlight: Nystatin stops the growth of the fungus and therefore effectively reduces the infection. (1)
2. Intestinal infections
Intestinal fungal infections can be caused by migrations of oral infections, usually from varieties of Candida and causing discomfort and conditions in the digestive system such as diarrhea , swelling, weakness, tiredness and night sweats.
You should know: Applying nystatin as a treatment stops the spread of infection and reduces symptoms. (two)
3. Skin infections
The topical use of nystatin is for the treatment of skin infections, allowing the restriction of the growth of the fungus.
Note: These types of infections are superficial and can affect areas such as the armpits, chest and groin, taking advantage of the fact that they are warm and humid areas. (3)
nystatin side effects
All medicines have stipulated possible side effects, which can develop during medical treatment . We mention those of nystatin below:
- Irritation or burning (skin, mouth and throat)
- Rash, swelling and itching.
- Difficulty breathing.
Important: If you have side effects and they do not disappear when stopping treatment, it is important to seek medical assistance for information.
contraindications of nystatin
Contraindications are factors that we must take into account to reduce the risk of adverse effects during medical treatment. We mention those of nystatin below:
- It should not be taken if you are allergic or hypersensitive to any of the components of the medication.
- Alcohol should not be ingested during medical treatment because it is metabolized by the liver.
You should know: Be sure to review your health history with the attending physician, in order to receive the most appropriate indications in the consumption and treatment with nystatin.
- Nystatin is an antifungal drug that must be used under medical prescription, usually for periods of 14 days of oral treatment.
- It is used several times a day in doses indicated every six hours and should be continued after the infection clears up to reduce the risk of recurrence.
- Nystatin is a medicine that can be indicated in children and adults, in different doses and under the indication of a medical professional.
- Precautions should be taken and alcohol should not be consumed during treatment with nystatin, due to the reactions that can occur in the patient’s body.
University Professional in the area of Human Resources, Postgraduate in Occupational Health and Hygiene of the Work Environment, 14 years of experience in the area of health. Interested in topics of Psychology, Occupational Health, and General Medicine.