What is bradilalia?

Bradylalia (from the Greek bradys = slow, lalein = speak and the suffix ia = quality), is considered asan alteration of oral languageproduced mostly by some damage to theCentral Nervous System (CNS), specifically in the area of the brain wheremovements are controlledfor the production of words.

It is mainly characterized byslowing of speech or abnormal slowness of language, difficulty articulating and reproducing words, monotonous tone and unjustified pauses.

Note: Bradypsychiaand bradilaliaare not similar terms, as bradypsychia refers to the slowing in the speed of thought. On the other hand, taquilaliaand bradilaliacan produce alterations in language in the patient, but taquilalia is described as an excessive speed in the production of language.

What are the causes of bradylalia?

Bradilalia occurs after aset of events, which directly affect the central nervous system, such as:

1. Brain injuries

This language disorder, as we have mentioned before, can be causedby some type of injury in the CNSand among these isMultiple Sclerosis, a disease that degrades the protective covering of the nerves due to amalfunction of the immune system.

You should know: Other causes that can cause bradilalia, are associated withstrokes, strokes, traumatic brain injuries or brain injuries due to encephalitis or meningitis.

2. Neurodegenerative diseases

body, which attack healthy cells in an uncontrolled way producing

To highlight: The patient who suffers from bradylalia does not lose the ability to understand language and it is very important to give him all the necessary information about his condition.

3. Psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders

Other pathologies that occur with the development of bradilalia are psychological or psychiatric disorders such as psychotic states and states of major depression .

Note: In the case of neurodevelopmental disorders, these are characterized by a delay or alteration in the acquisition of skills in a variety of developmental domains, including but not limited to languagetag. One of these disorders is Down syndrome.

4. Intoxication and poisoning

At this point, cases of bradilalia have been reported, in situations of poisoning due to the abuse of alcoholic substances , for example, or also in cases of poisoning due to consumption or contact with toxic substances or medicines .

How is the treatment for bradylalia?

Bradilalia has in its favor the application of several strategies, which can improve this condition and among them we have:

1. Palliative treatment

Palliative treatment consists of those aids that are provided to the patient, which do not necessarily have to do with medical treatmentdirectly. These strategies are aimed atimproving the quality of life of patients, giving them moral support and trying to raise their self- esteem as much as possible.

You should know: These palliative treatments may consist of moral, social, spiritual, economic or other support that manages to keep your spirits up, at a level that allows you to accept medical help and psychological therapy.

2. Psychological therapy

It is also adequate, the use of Psychological therapeutic intervention in those cases after surgical interventions, aimed at the recovery of cognitive and motor functions if the patient is able to receive it.

To highlight: It is also indicated for these cases of bradilalia, corrective therapies through speech therapy.

Key Conclusions

  • Bradilalia is considered an alteration of oral language.
  • It is mostly caused by damage to the central nervous system.
  • It is mainly characterized by a slowing of speech or abnormal slowness of language.
  • This condition is included within speech disorders and can be treated with psychological therapies and palliative strategies .

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