Love is one of the most powerful feelings that a human being can experience throughout the different stages of his development.
It is considered the affective feeling that people most seek to feel because of their tireless need to feel loved, as well as being one of the most important feelings for the good development of individuals and society.
Therefore, various psychology professionals have developed theories through extensive studies, where they support that there are different types of love according to the needs, qualities and feelings of each person.
For these reasons, below you will know what the types of love are about, the elements that make them up and the different types of love that currently exist and how to differentiate and identify each one.
What are types of love?
The Canadian sociologist, writer and researcher John Alan Lee, defines in his work TheColors of Love (The colors of love) describes that the types of love are the result of the combination of three elements: passion identified with the color red, respect is yellow and the company is blue.
The author describes that just as the combination of primary colors generates secondary colors, because the elements of love when merging throw different types of love, in turn, reveals that real, pure and deeplove is the one that is composed of all tonalities.
Elements that make up the types of love
Anessayby researchers at theFederal University of Espírito Santo, Brazil, points out that there are several psychological approaches that directly study the different types of love.
In this sense, the study refers to theTriangular Theory of Lovedesigned by the American psychologistRobert J. Sternberg, where they highlight the different characteristics that the types of love possess and how it is demonstrated by each individual.
For these reasons, below you will be able to know the elements that make up the different ways of loving:
Commitment refers to the decision that each person makes to love, be faithful, unconditional and provide support at all times towards a loved one, in addition, it is the sense of belonging towards the relationship or the love that they are feeling for another person .
That is, it is the responsibility that each individual assumes with respect to the care and obligation to maintain, protect and care for the union that they have with the other person.
It refers to the intense desire to be close to another person, either physically or sexually. It is the maximum expression of need, it includes attraction and the constant sensation of attachment towards the other individual.
It should be noted that passion is not only understood in the sexual sphere, it also encompasses the intense need to obtain something or achieve an objective.
In turn, intimacy is defined as the complicity that two individuals have with each other, encompassing characteristics such as: excellent communication, concern for the welfare of one another, feelings of affection, respect and understanding.
It is defined as a feeling of attachment of one person to another. It includes the moderate affection that an individual experiences towards relatives, friends, pets or some particular object, thus being considered one of the affective elements that characterize the different types of love.
Respect is a value created to define and maintain good behavior among the individuals that make up a society.
Respect in love is one of the most important elements, because it is in charge of maintaining the value and sense of consideration that one person has towards the other, so they are able to understand, value and care for their integrity. above anything.
Admiration is about the way in which the two people are visualized, that is, the feeling of pride for the qualities they possess, successes they have achieved or adverse situations they have overcome, therefore, admiration is one of the elements that demonstrate the interest and importance that an individual has for another.
Loyalty refers to the commitment that a person acquires to be loyal, sincere, respectful and faithful to their partner. Acts of loyalty are obligations that each person acquires, therefore, it is within her responsibility if she complies with them or not.
Types of love
Professor Tim Lomas , who teaches Positive Psychology at the University of East London , United Kingdom, points out that according to his research there are a wide variety of types of love, stressing that for a relationship to be stable, it must contain several from them.
The researcher studied approximately 50 languages, where he concluded that there are about 600 words that help human beings to Express Love .
In addition, Lomas maintains that each type of love has a different “flavor”, noting that “The metaphor of flavors allows us to appreciate that a relationship can mix various flavors to create a unique taste”
For this reason, below you will be able to learn about the different types of love according to psychology, which, in turn, have been named according to the ancient Greeks and their relationship with the types of affection:
Eros or romantic love
Romantic love, characterized by being passionate, intense and uncontrollable, is the type of love that is observed in romantic literature and in movies, however, there are situations where the desire for that special person fades with the same transience with the one that started
Storge the friendly love
This type of love is mature, loyal, and committed to lasting over time. Sexual relations are not essential in friendly love, therefore, it manifests itself in bonds where people seek support, company and someone to trust above all else.
Pragma Realistic Love
Pragma is a type of love where couples seek qualities, tastes and interest in common, generally belong to the same social class and their goals or objectives are similar, so they work together to achieve and make their dreams come true.
Ludus or playful love
Manipulation, seduction and deception are part of playful love, because people who experience it only seek fun, sex or some kind of self-benefit, regardless of feelings, or any type of emotional or affective relationship towards the other person.
Obsessive love mania
Obsessive love is one where people become dependent on their partners and only seek to satisfy the needs of the other, thus prevailing jealousy and impulses to control the life of the other individual, regardless of their own needs or interests.
Therefore, this type of love transcends from the passionate to the obsessive and even unhealthy, in addition, the people who share this love usually have low self-esteem, because they only care about the well-being of others above their own.
Agape selfless love
It is a form of love where selflessness predominates and its main characteristic is common, reciprocal and sincere well-being, therefore it is one of the most valuable because both are committed to loving, valuing, respecting and caring for each other without getting anything in exchange beyond the affective.
Choros the love of arraigo
Rooted love is the one you feel towards your home or a specific place that has been significant during your life. It is the nostalgia that is experienced when a person is far from their home or country of origin and begins to miss their roots.
Meraki or experiential love
Meraki is the type of love that is developed by some activity, experiences or experiences that have marked your life. Sport, travel, outdoor activities, cooking, going to a concert, are some of the moments where human beings experience this type of love, which in turn provides feelings of personal satisfaction.
Philautia or self-love
It is the love that each individual feels for himself, where taking care of his physical integrity, loving and valuinghimself prevails over any other type of love. It is characteristic in people who meet personal satisfactions, empowered and with good levels of self-esteem.
Ananke or hapless love
Love at first sight is considered as Ananké, because it is the feeling that a person experiences when meeting another and already feels the need to love him or her and build a life with him or her, usually these are short-term feelings, although in sometimes it can become true love.
Koinonia momentary love
It is the feeling that develops, when you feel a momentary and unexpected connection to a single person.
Therefore, this sensation is experienced through chills or uncomfortable sensations that people feel when they stare at each other, maintain some kind of unexpected contact or share some common interest.
Epithymia or fatuous love
Fatuous love is one where commitment predominates, which in turn encourages passionate feelings, where there is no trust or total intimacy, therefore, this type of love is short-term if people are not interested in meeting their partner. Deeper.