Causes of toothache

Poor oral hygiene is considered by dentists as the main cause ofdental diseasesincluding toothaches, however, there are other common causes that you can know below:


Infectionsusually appear for various reasons, including: deep caries, cracks in the teeth, treatment of failed root canals or endodontics, poor post-operative healing, bacteria lodged in lesions or cuts in the gums, which can cause infections and abscesses inside the mouth, at the level of the affected tooth.

Note: These conditions usually cause intense painbecause bacteria usually lodge on the inside of the tooth, when this happens it is advisable to consult a dentist since it can lead to major problems.


An article published by theNational Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research(1) states that dental caries are one of the main causes of pain, infection and in extreme cases, tooth loss, being one of the main consequences of poor or deficient oral hygiene.

Cavities are formed by a group of bacteria that lodge in the teeth mainly due to the excessive consumption of sugars and starches, these substances stick to the dental enamel becoming plaque that, when not removed, begins to damage the surface of the tooth.

You should know: Cavities also appear when there is a Demineralizationof the teeth, causing the tooth enamel to weaken and thus give way to dental caries. This disease can affect anyone and is one of the most common dental problems in the general population.


Note: Trauma can be caused to the gums, the outer part of the tooth or the inner part of the tooth or tooth when they fracture, which causes intense pain, usually accompanied by inflammation and redness of the affected area.


It is important to note that bruxism can be a consequence of other diseases , however, this usually occurs when the person sleeps, is tense or upset.

Important: The correction of this habit must be issued by a dentist , although it is worth noting that the most common is the use of splints at bedtime.

Wisdom teeth

The third molars are known as wisdom teeth, because they begin to emerge between the ages of 17 and 21. These teethusually cause intense pain in the mouth, generally caused by the little space in the gums or because they were formed incorrectly.

It is common for people to go to the dentist to determine if the wisdom teeth should be extracted , if they are in perfect condition, they can perform the same functions as the other teeth.

Recommendations to relieve tooth pain

Toothache has the characteristic of being one of the most uncomfortable and annoyingdiscomforts that the human being can experience. In contrast to this, we present 10 effective recommendations for you to relieve toothache:

1. Apply cold compress

Cold compresses have multiple benefits, including: improves circulation, stimulates the nervous system, reduces inflammation and soothes body pain, all together is what you need if you suffer from toothache.

Tip: Therefore, we recommend that you place cold compresses on the affected area for periods of 10 to 15 minutes , this will help to gradually reduce your ailment.

2. Perform warm salt water rinses

Warm salt water has healing and disinfectant properties, which is why it is considered one of the most common and effective home remedies among those who have suffered from toothache.

Tip: To do this, you must heat water with a small amount of salt, let it warm and rinse 3 to 4 times for approximately 30 seconds each. This will improve pain and help heal the lesions that are affecting you.

3. Remove food debris

Oral hygiene is vitally importantto maintain good oral health. The remains of food that accumulate in the crevices of the teeth and gums, over time,can form cavities and other oral diseases.

For these reasons, it is imperative that you maintain a good brushing technique , including the inner face of the teeth and the tongue, paying special attention to the last molars, which is where food remains tend to accumulate.

4. Apply a black tea bag

You should know: Among the benefits of black teaIsits contribution of fluoride, a substance that keeps teeth healthy and hard, it also contains tannic acid which works as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory.

To do this, you need to make an infusion with the black tea bag and keep the liquid, preferably warm, for a few minutes in your mouth, you can do this 2 to 3 times a day.

5. Chew Parsley

6. Avoid very cold, hot or hard foods

Be careful to subject your teeth to foods withextreme temperatures, whether low or high, as well as foods that contain crusts or very hard surfaces, becausethis can unleash sensitivity in the teeth and inthe case of foods with strong consistency, cause trauma.

7. Keep your head elevated

8. Avoid over-the-counter antibiotics

Each antibiotic has various compounds created to counteract the different known diseases, in the case of toothaches, you need to consult a specialist,mainly todentist, to determine the origin of your condition and indicate the relevant antibiotics.

9. Take painkillers

Over-the-counter pain relievers can help soothe toothache, which in turn also often causes severe pressure headaches caused by inflammation when it comes to serious trauma and infection.

Important: If the pain persists, we advise you to see a dentist, since oral diseases, when complicated, can have serious consequences.

10. Go to the dentist in a timely manner

Home remedies to relieve toothache have been used since ancient times, however, there are some conditions that require care by oral health professionals, therefore, it is important that you consult a dentist if the pain worsens . , so this will determine the competent treatment.

Key Conclusions

  • Toothache is one of the most common, uncomfortable and annoying oral conditions that humans usually suffer from.
  • Incorrect or poor oral hygiene is one of the main causes of toothache due to the diseases it causes.
  • Dental trauma must be promptly evaluated by specialists to minimize the risk of loss of the affected tooth.
  • Cold compresses, chewing parsley and black tea are the most common home remedies for toothache.
  • If the toothache persists, you should avoid self-medication and Consult a dentist in a timely manner.

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