Although we do not notice it or even ignore it unconsciously, there are always states of alert or warning that allow the identification of an event to happen, especially in our state of health.

In this sense, the identification of the same always allows prevention or early detection that will positively influence the development and timely treatment of the circumstances.

The personalityof an individual is variant and evolutionary, and is what defines and structures the behavior and identity of being.

In this context, the premorbid personality is presented, which is a way of warning that something is about to change and that there is a risk close to a disease or psychological disorder.

In the following article we will explain what the premorbid personality is, what are its characteristics, symptoms and the importance of its identification.

What is the premorbid personality?

The premorbid personality, defined by various investigations carried out aroundthe Risk Factors and premorbid personality, allows to identify a series of factors that show changes in individuals prior to the presence of some mental alteration.

These variants and their notability were addressed from the XXI century and would allow the premature identification of the variables that can prevent the total development of a disorder in the individual, although there is no standardization in symptoms or factors, but they are always recognizable and quite stable.

Premorbid Personality Characteristics

The premorbid personality has certain domain factors, which are considered characteristic for its identification and understanding. They will be mentioned and described below.

It constitutes the signs before a mental disorder

As we previously mentioned, this characteristic is a warning factor that constitutes different signals for determining the possibility of a psychological disorder in the individual.

The factors are not constant, it depends a lot on the type of disorder that the individual is developing and the type of personality that they developed over time, although there is a minimum standardization regarding certain specific disorders and what would be appropriate would be their alerts.

It presents differently in each person.

As all individuals are different and independent, what is considered normal behavior for someone is something unacceptable in others, even influencing the circumstances and the interaction.

It is because of the above, that the premorbid personality is presented differently for everyone, thus being able to identify in each one what would really be considered strange or out of place behavior.

Includes non-typical behaviors

Among the main characteristics of the premorbid personality is that it presents strange, non-typical behaviors and is directly related to personality disorders. As we previously mentioned, they will always be dependent on the person’s personality and the way they usually behave.

Its detection and analysis is essential

The determination and identification of these alert messages that the individual sends are fundamental for the recognition, prevention and early and adequate treatment for its control.

With this, the development of the disorder can be totally avoided or, as a last resort, control the development and the effects that psychopathological disorders bring with it, such as:

  • Alzheimer
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Schizophrenia

Symptoms of the premorbid personality

For the determination of the premorbid personality, certain symptoms are presented that, although they are not totally standardized for their prevention due to the infinity of variations due to the individuality of the circumstances, allow their recognition and identification.

They will be mentioned and described below, so that there is a consideration of these if necessary.

strange behaviors

Strange behavior is defined as something extremely complex, in which variations occur when psychopathologies manifest, producing or leading the individual to have functional consequences from the development of the disease.

This adjustment in behavior is reflected in changes that are considered strange and alien due to their sudden and alarming appearance. They should not be ignored.

Labor and social problems

Although the nature of the developing pathology is very influential, interpersonal problems immediately develop due to a lack of understanding and complications that affect the interactive capacity of the affected individual.

Personal relationships are difficult and limitations appear in both labor and social fields.

Loss of interest

It decreasesempathy, interest in external elements and for the same reason the ability to have assertive interactions is affected.

The main studies on premorbid personality effectively conclude in the appearance of a decrease in the level of capacity and need for interactivity.


An isolation occurs in the individual, due to the conjunction of the previously mentioned elements, the inability to interact and the loss of interestin external agents. It becomes a factor of introversion and interpersonal restriction.

Lack of mental energy

This manifests itself with the presence of fatigue, psychological exhaustion and decreased elementary capacities. It is considered a continuous process of wear, where the recognition of the symptoms is necessary for its adequate intervention.


Among the personality factors that are affected, according to the studies carried out on Risk factors and premorbid personality , is the tendency for the appearance of doubts and uncertainties.

The foregoing produces an imbalance in the behavior and personality of the individual and their ability to cope with different circumstances that, at some point, could even be daily.

Dependence or independence

There is an inclination to become dependent, and it is due to the need to always refer to some other individual for decision-making or application of authority, thus gradually suppressing autonomy and potentially becoming a dependent individual.


The model of individuality and criteria is reduced, gradually producing a loss of the demand and cognitive and perceptive capacity of the individual. The issuance of opinions and the determination to carry out activities or objectives are lost.

Importance of premorbid personality in mental health

Premorbid personality, as we have previously mentioned, is almost an emergency call that should not be ignored.

It is the opportunity to prevent or reduce the damage caused by the appearance of a psychopathological disorder. Next we will mention what are the great advantages of the premorbid personality.

Detects the risk of mental disorders

The relationship that exists between personality and affective pictures, disorders and limitations are those that allow the detection of existing risks for a mental disorder in a premorbid personality.

In the IntraMed article addressed to “The premorbid personality in the different affective pictures” changes and progress are evident, which must be taken into account to determine effective actions.

It can prevent the development of diseases

From timely detection, the development of the disease can be totally prevented or at least the speed of its progress can be controlled, seeing here a latent advantage in the recognition of the characteristic symptoms of the disease for its evaluation and treatment.

Increases the chances of effective treatments

The application of adequate treatments and in early stages, allows its efficiency to be greater, in addition to timely monitoring to control the evolution.

It improves the quality of life

Decreasing the deterioration and opening a possibility of retention of the advances produced in the psychopathological disorders, an improvement or prolongation of the quality of life of the patient and their relatives is ensured, avoiding surprise factors, uncontrollable advances and unavoidable adverse effects due to a late diagnosis. .

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *