What is ciprofloxacin?

Ciprofloxacinis a chemical compound of the group of fluoroquinolonesclassified as active ingredient, belonging to the line of second-generation and broad-spectrum antibiotic drugs, witheffect on some bacteria that cause infectionsin the body. (1)

What is ciprofloxacin for?

  • Thanks to its mechanism of action, ciprofloxacinis a drug that inhibits the enzyme DNA gyrase, an essential bacterial enzyme involved in the transcription, duplication and repair of bacterial DNA. This actionprevents the reproduction of these microorganisms, eliminating the infections caused and their symptoms.
  • It is used to treat:
    • Osteoarticular andgastrointestinal infections. (2)
    • Genitourinary tract infections, gonococcal urethritis, and prostatitis.
    • Respiratory tract infectionssuch as pneumonia caused by the bacteriumPseudomonas aeruginosabronchitisand typhoidfever,
    • Soft tissue infection such as tularemia and anthrax (anthrax) of theskinor mouth.
    • Chronic suppurative otitis media.
    • Other serious infections caused by sensitive microorganisms.

Dosage and routes of administration of ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin comes as a laboratory manufacturer in tabletscontaining ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate equivalent to 250 mg and 500 mg ciprofloxacin. The administrationis oraland the dosage as a referential may be as follows:

  • Adults: Osteoarticular infections, pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infection 500 to 750 mg twice a day. Bacterial diarrhea, 500 mg every 12 hours. Endocervical and urethral gonorrhea, 250 mg as a single dose. Urinary tract infections 250 to 500 mg every 12 hours.

What products contain ciprofloxacin?

Some of the medicines that contain ciprofloxacin are:

  • Brubiol®
  • Fluxacord®
  • Vodelan®
  • Ciproactin®


  • Brubiol® is the trademark of an antibiotic drug, which uses ciprofloxacin as the active ingredient.
  • It is used to treat various infections caused by sensitive microorganisms.
  • For more information about this medicine, see Brubiol: What is it and what is it for? .


  • Fluxacord® is the registered trademark of a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which uses ciprofloxacin as the active ingredient.
  • It is indicated in the treatment of various infections caused by sensitive bacteria .
  • For more information about this medicine, see Fluxacord: What is it and what is it used for? .


  • Vodelan® is a second-generation commercial antibiotic drug belonging to the group of fluoroquinolones, which uses ciprofloxacin as the active substance.
  • It is indicated in the treatment of bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, skin and soft tissues and infections in the genitourinary system.
  • For more information on this medicine, see Vodelan: What is it and what is it for? .


  • Ciproactin® is a pharmaceutically manufactured drug whose active ingredient is ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, in a concentration of 500 mg.
  • It is indicated to treat or prevent certain infections caused by bacteria .

Ciprofloxacin Side Effects

Clinical studies indicate that treatment with ciprofloxacin may cause any of the following adverse effects in a certain patient population:

  • Possible allergic reactions due to patient contact with any component of the formula.
  • Nausea, vomiting , diarrhea and abdominal pain .
  • Dyspepsia and pseudomembranous colitis .
  • Headache , dizziness and restlessness.
  • Drowsiness, insomnia and visual disturbances.
  • Central nervous system disorders such as delirium, Hallucinations , depression , and seizures.
  • syndrome
  • Eosinophilia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia.
  • Risk of arthropathy.

Important: If any of these symptoms or other symptoms not described appear during treatment with ciprofloxacin, please discontinue use and consult your doctor .

Contraindications and warnings of ciprofloxacin

The use of ciprofloxacin is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • Patient hypersensitivity to any of the components of the formula.
  • Patients with myasthenia gravis.
  • Patients under 18 years of age.
  • Diagnosis of heart valve insufficiency.
  • During pregnancy or breastfeeding .

You should know: Before starting treatment with this antibiotic, the patient must provide all the information related to their health history to their doctor.

Avoid it if you have:

  • History of hypersensitivity to the chemical components of ciprofloxacin.
  • Medication with tizanidine or antibacterial medicines containing fluoroquinolones or quinolones.
  • History of tendon problems, during previous antibiotic treatment.
  • In patients with renal insufficiency, the dose should be adjusted.
  • Family history of QT interval prolongation.
  • Family history of aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, or congenital heart valve disease.


  • Pharmaceutical products such as ciprofloxacin must be administered with a prescription or prescription.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions while using this drug.
  • Do not alter the dose indicated by your doctor.
  • Do not exceed the duration of treatment.
  • Notify your doctor if you are taking medication for other conditions.
  • This product may cause bacterial resistance if not used properly.
  • Keep this medicine out of the reach of children.
  • It must be taken into account that the dose should be reduced in patients with renal insufficiency and elderly patients.

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