Cancer, as well as the tumors they cause, are the most feared diseases and pathologies in the world, without limit of sex or age, they are unforeseen, but some are very little known.

In that sense, in this article we will study the angioma, as well as its causes and the treatment that this pathology, mostly benign, requires.

What is an angioma?

An angiomais known to be a vascular lesion, those that occur in the blood vessels and that can present asvascular tumors, these can indicate the loss of a limb or premature death.

So angiom ais a vascular tumor or benign malformation, both in the blood vessels and lymphatic vessels (bloodstream) and usually appear at birth (being congenital) or at a younger age. They manifest as a reddish spot, with varied size and are especially located on the face and surface of the skin.

Note: According to a medical study, “This is a rare benign vascular neoplasm, which affects children and young adults, sporadically, with a predilection for neck areas.” (1)

Types of angiomas

There are currently two specific types of angiomas, with certain variations or differences clear by their appearance. So we present the most common:

1. Hemangiomas

Hemangiomastend to be the most frequent vascular tumors, their importance lies in a different diagnosis and their sudden appearance is through very alarming bleeding for the patient.

Note: A medical study presents the following: “Until now, studies of hemangiomas have been performed in series of cases with a specific diagnosis and the frequency with which they occur has not been determined.” (2)

2. Vascular malformations

These anomalies occur mainly during birth , are chronic and do not disappear (a difference with hemangiomas), mainly affect the skin of the fetus or newborn, and also present in the form of vascular spots.

Important: A study mentions that “Vascular malformations are benign lesions, not tumors, always present from birth, but sometimes not visible until weeks or months later” . (3)

Why does an angioma occur?

There are different reasons or causes for the appearance of an angioma, with several factors that are important to take into account, despite the fact that the diagnosis before these is complicated. We present the causes that produce an angioma:

1. Genetic factors

The transcription of the DNA or genetic code is usually a very common and almost unpredictable cause of the appearance of an angioma.

In this sense, angiomas can appear due to hereditary factors in the family. To prevent these disturbing events in newborns, the couple or family must take into account the history of genetic diseases, from generation to generation, in order to perform Medical Check -ups on the fetus or parent.

2. Developmental defects

These are also known as congenital defects,They occur mainly during the development of the baby inside the mother’s womb.

These defects affect the appearance, the body in general, the functioning of the organism or even cause heart defects in the newborn, providing a special condition for birth.

3. Chemical exposure

It can be said that developmental defects are caused by exposure to harmful toxins or chemicals.

Prolonged exposure to these chemicals or even radiation (such as X-rays) during pregnancy will be harmful to the newborn, due to the mutations that can be formed, apart from sudden cancer and malignant tumors.

4. Medical conditions

These conditions refer to a series of conditions that a newborn can suffer, especially in their motor or physiological functions.

To highlight: Impending coughing, skin rashes, jaundice or yellowing of the skin (product of harmful chemicals) and even difficulty breathing or lethargy may occur.

5. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is the main cause of the appearance of angioma, but not because of the act itself, but because of the little care given to the embryo during its development.

Therefore, the consumption of cigarettes, exposure to the sun or chemicals, the excessive consumption of alcohol or foods saturated with fats, are some of the threats during pregnancy and the care of the baby before its birth.

6. Aging

Aging causes a very primitive type of angioma called senile , they are considered the most common form of these angiomas, they are of vascular origin and appear in small reddish lesions (cherry tone).

Note: Despite its veracity, the treatment for these angiomas is very effective and fast, depending on which part of the body is found.

How is the treatment to remove an angioma?

Fortunately, there are several very effectiveand recommended treatments for the moment of desiring the elimination of a specific angioma. We present the most relevant ones:

1. Removal

The excision or surgical treatment is an effective method to eliminate an angioma, however sometimes it needs to be done in sessionsdue to the effects of post surgery. Especially if it appears above the surface of the skin or another part of the body.

For this reason, there is a strict protocol to surgically treat these angiomas, depending on their state or the phase in which they are.

Important: It is said that the removal treatment must be direct from its first appearance (that is, during the birth of the baby), where the use of laser can be chosen safely and effectively, without affecting the life of the newborn.

2. Medicines

If the angioma turns out not to be on the surface of the skin or appears in the form of a hemangioma, the use of certain medications or drugs can be chosen to deal with them.

Important: They are recommended with medical check-ups and specialist considerations, for the use of medications in an infant such as beta-blockers and propanol mostly, the use of these drugs should be guided by a pediatrician due to the side effects they may cause.

Key Findings

  • Angioma is a type of vascular tumor in newborns with different size.
  • Angiomas can be of the hemangioma type or vascular malformations.
  • They can be caused by exposure to toxic chemicals, poor care during pregnancy, or genetic and hereditary factors.
  • Treatment consists of Surgical procedures or the use of professionally prescribed drugs.

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